The city of Kuching is located in the district of Kuching,the capital of Sarawak. The district covers an area of 1,863 square kilometres, and is one of three districts within Kuching Division. The district of Kuching is administered by three local governments. The administration of Kuching city is divided into two local governments and even has two mayors. The northern section of Kuching is run by Dewan Bandaraya Kuching Utara (Kuching North City Hall) covering an area of 369.48 square kilometres. The southern section is administrated by Majlis Bandaraya Kuching Selatan (the Council of The City of Kuching South) covering a smaller but a more densely populated area of 61.53 square kilometres. There are those who believe that the divisions in power for the Northern (primarily Malay and Bumi residents) and Southern (primarily Chinese residents) districts came about due to ethnic reasons in the 1980s. There are also those who believe the administration is divided due to geographical reasons, as the Northern and Southern districts are linked by only two bridges spanning the Sarawak River. The third local government is Majlis Perbandaran Padawan or Padawan Municipal Council (formerly known as Kuching Rural District Council) which mainly administers the rural areas within Kuching district. It covers a large portion of Kuching district with an area of 1,431.82 square kilometres.
Read more; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuching
Gunung Mulu National Park
Gunung Mulu National Park, (52,000 Ha) in Sarawak encompasses incredible caves and karst formations in a mountainous equatorial rainforest setting. Mulu continues to retain this sense of adventure associated with its’ original exploration through the provision of adventure caving and other adventure activities. Emphasis is also placed on promoting an awareness of the park’s significance and its environment through activities that foster an understanding and appreciation of the parks values.
Mulu has an exceptional level of biological diversity with over 3,500 species of plants recorded in the park. These include a variety of highly specialized orchids, pitcher plants, palms, gingers and a most unusual ‘One Leaf’ plant to be found at the entrance of certain caves.
There is also a large diversity of fauna species that include deer, monkeys, giant porcupine, civets and all of Borneo’s hornbills, but many visitors to the park are surprised at the limited sightings. This is largely due to the nature of the animals and the habitat in which they are found. Many animal species are shy or nocturnal, have excellent camouflage abilities or live high in the rainforest canopy.
The source of Mulu’s great biological diversity lies in the changes in topography from just 50 metres above sea level near park headquarters to the peaks of Gunung Mulu at 2,377 metre and Gunung Api at 1,682 metres. The geology, which consists of a combination of alluvial clays, sandstone and limestone formations, further adds to the variety and specialization of the park’s biology.
As with much of Borneo, the rivers at Mulu form the primary means of transport. The park’s steep landscape means most of the access is restricted to the rivers flowing on the park’s boundaries in the lowland areas. Even by equatorial standards, Mulu has a high annual rainfall with an average of five to six metres. Fortunately weather patterns in the park are reasonably consistent with mostly clear mornings and showers in the late afternoon or evening.
Visitors are also attracted by the staggering number of insect species to be found in the park. For example, 458 species of ants have been recorded in the park. Mulu’s fauna includes a large variety of insects with camouflage adaptations most notably the stick (Phasmids) and leaf insects.
Bako National Park
With its rainforest abundant wildlife, jungle streams, waterfalls, interesting plant life, secluded beaches and trekking trails, Bako offers visitor an excellent introduction to the rainforest of Borneo. Bako may not have an instanly recognisable star attraction but there can be very few places in the world that pack so much natural beauty into such a limited area, all its sheer range of attractions and activities have made Bako one of the most popular parks in Sarawak.
Cliff by the sea
Gazetted as a protected area on 1 May 1957 and was published to public on 4 may 1957. Bako is Sarawak's oldest national park, covering an area of 2,727 hectares at the tip of the Muara Tebas peninsula. It is one of the smallest national park in Sarawak, yet one of the most interesting as it contains almost every type of vegetation found in Borneo. A weii maintained network of trails from wasy forest strills to full day jungle terks, allows visitors to get the most out of this unique envirnment.
The unique stone tower
The Rainforest And Other Vegetation
Bako contains an incredible variety of plant species and vegetation types and this is one of the park's great attractions. at Bako it is possible to see almost every type of vegetation found in Borneo. 25 distinct types of vegetation from seven complete eco-system, Beach vegetation, Cliff vegetation, Kerangas or heath Forest, Mangrove Forest, Mixed Dipterocarp Forest, Padang or Grasslands Vegetation and Peat Swamp Forest. It is wasy to explore these eco-system via the jungle trails. The contrasts are so distinct that you do not have to be scientist to notice the differences. Furthermore, most of the different vegetation types are found close to the Park Office at Telok Assam. Amongst the unique and strange plant life are the carnivorous plants (pitcher plants, sundews, bladderworts).
Jetty through the swamp peat forest
Proboscis Monkey,a rare and endangered species which can only be found in Borneo!
Read more; http://www.forestry.sarawak.gov.my/forweb/np/np/bako.htm
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